The smallest island of the Arcipelago
Gorgona is the northernmost island of the Tuscan Arcipelago and is 37 km off the coast from Livorno.
Like Pianosa, it is home to a penal colony, so permission to visit to the island has to be granted by the ‘Istituti di Prevenzione e Pena del Ministero di Grazia e Giustizia’ (part of the Justice Ministry).
Gorgona has a surface area of 2.2 square km and is the smallest island of the Archipelago.
It rises to a height of 255 metres and is mainly covered with Mediterranean scrub land which is home to wild rabbits and migratory birds.